니켈 (Ni)

일반적 특성

기호 Ni
원자 번호 28
원자량 58.6934
집단
10 (니켈족 원소 )
VIIIA (IUPAC), VIII (CAS)
Solid, Ferromagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
주기 4
블록 d

물리적 특성

밀도 8.9 g/cm3
원자 부피 6.6 cm3/mole
원자 반지름 1.24 angstroms
공유 결합 반지름 121 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0089%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Gray

에너지

전기 음성도 1.9 (전기 음성도)
전자 친화력 112 kJ/mol
1차 이온화 에너지 737 kJ/mol
2. Ionization Energy 1753.0 kJ/mol
3. Ionization Energy 3395 kJ/mol
4. Ionization Energy 5300 kJ/mol
5. Ionization Energy 7339 kJ/mol
6. Ionization Energy 10400 kJ/mol
7. Ionization Energy 12800 kJ/mol
8. Ionization Energy 15600 kJ/mol
9. Ionization Energy 18600 kJ/mol
10. Ionization Energy 21670 kJ/mol
11. Ionization Energy 30970 kJ/mol
12. Ionization Energy 34000 kJ/mol
13. Ionization Energy 37100 kJ/mol
14. Ionization Energy 41500 kJ/mol
15. Ionization Energy 44800 kJ/mol
16. Ionization Energy 48100 kJ/mol
17. Ionization Energy 55101 kJ/mol
18. Ionization Energy 58570 kJ/mol
19. Ionization Energy 148700 kJ/mol
20. Ionization Energy 159000 kJ/mol
21. Ionization Energy 169400 kJ/mol
22. Ionization Energy 182700 kJ/mol
23. Ionization Energy 194000 kJ/mol
24. Ionization Energy 205600 kJ/mol
25. Ionization Energy 221400 kJ/mol
26. Ionization Energy 231490 kJ/mol
27. Ionization Energy 992718 kJ/mol
28. Ionization Energy 1039668 kJ/mol
비열 용량 0.444 J g−1 K−1
열전도율 90.7 W·m−1·K−1

전자 & 산화 작용

산화 상태 +2,3
전자 껍질 2 8 16 2
전자 배치 [Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
오비탈 그림
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
↿ 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

방사성 아니오

미디어

니켈 (Ni) 행성 보어 모형
Description
Hard, malleable, silvery-white metal. Found in the earth's crust in portions averaging 70 ppm. It can be polished to a lustrous finish. Virtually no corrosion under normal conditions.
Uses
Used in electroplating and metal alloys because of its resistance to corrosion. Also in nickel-cadmium batteries; as a catalyst and for coins.
Sources
Chiefly found in pentlandite [(Ni,Fe)9S8] ore. The metal is produced by heating the ore in a blast furnace which replaces the sulfur with oxygen. The oxides are then treated with an acid that reacts with the iron not the nickel.
Pronounciation (English)
NIK-l

변형

Afrikaans Nikkel
Aragonese Níquel
العربية نيكل
Armãneashte Nichelu
asturianu Níquel
azərbaycan dili Nikel
български Никел
বাংলা নিকেল
brezhoneg Nikel
bosanski Nikl, ²Nikal
Byelorussian Нікель
Cebuano Nikel
čeština Nikl, Pochvistík†
Chuvash Никель
Cymraeg Níquel
dansk Nikkel
Deutsch Nickel
Ελληνικά Νικελιο
English Nickel
esperanto Nikelo
español Níquel
eesti Nikkel
euskara Nikela
فارسی نیکل
suomi Nikkeli
føroyskt Nikkul
français Nickel
furlan Nichel
West-Frysk Nikkel
Gaeilge Nicil
Gàidhlig Nicil
galego Níquel
ગુજરાતી નિકલનો
Gaelg Nickyl
Hakka Chinese Ngiap (鎳)
עברית ניקל
हिन्दी निकेल
hrvatski Nikal
magyar Nikkel
հայերեն Նիկել
Indonesia Nikel
íslenska Nikull
italiano Nichelio
日本語 ニッケル
ქართული ნიკელი
کٲشُر Nikel
қазақ тілі Никель
한국어 니켈
Kurdish Nîkel
Komi Никель
kernewek Nykel
кыргызча Никель
Latin Niccolum
Lëtzebuergesch Nickel
Lombard Níchel
lingála Nikɛ́li
lietuvių Nikelis
latviešu Niķelis
Mari Никель
Maori Konukōreko
македонски Никел
മലയാളം നിക്കല്
монгол Никель
Мокшан Никиль
Bahasa Melayu Nikel
Malti Nikil
Nahuatl Iztāctepoztli
Nederlands Nikkel
norsk Nikkel
Occitan Niquèl
ирон Згъæры мыггаг
polski Nikiel
português Níquel
Runasimi Nikil
română Nichel
русский Никель
slovenčina Nikel
slovenščina Nikelj
Samoan Niklimi
Samogitian Nėkelis
shqip Nikel, ²Nikli
српски Никал
Southern Sotho Nikele
svenska Nickel
Kiswahili Nikeli
தமிழ் நிக்கல்
Tajik Никел
ไทย นิกเกิล
Türkçe Nikel
ئۇيغۇرچە نىكېل
українська Нікель
o‘zbek Nikel
Tiếng Việt Nikel
Võro Nikli
中文

이력

에 발견되었습니다
1751
에 의해 발견되었습니다
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
에서 발견되었습니다
Sweden
어원
From the German word "kupfernickel" meaning Devil's copper or St Nicholas's (Old Nick's) copper