바나듐 (V)

일반적 특성

기호 V
원자 번호 23
원자량 50.9415
집단
5 (바나듐족 원소)
VA (IUPAC), VB (CAS)
Solid, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
주기 4
블록 d

물리적 특성

밀도 6.11 g/cm3
원자 부피 8.35 cm3/mole
원자 반지름 1.34 angstroms
공유 결합 반지름 125 pm
Crust Abundance 0.019%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

에너지

전기 음성도 1.6 (전기 음성도)
전자 친화력 50.6 kJ/mol
1차 이온화 에너지 651 kJ/mol
2. Ionization Energy 1414 kJ/mol
3. Ionization Energy 2830 kJ/mol
4. Ionization Energy 4507 kJ/mol
5. Ionization Energy 6298.7 kJ/mol
6. Ionization Energy 12363 kJ/mol
7. Ionization Energy 14530 kJ/mol
8. Ionization Energy 16730 kJ/mol
9. Ionization Energy 19860 kJ/mol
10. Ionization Energy 22240 kJ/mol
11. Ionization Energy 24670 kJ/mol
12. Ionization Energy 29730 kJ/mol
13. Ionization Energy 32446 kJ/mol
14. Ionization Energy 86450 kJ/mol
15. Ionization Energy 94170 kJ/mol
16. Ionization Energy 102300 kJ/mol
17. Ionization Energy 112700 kJ/mol
18. Ionization Energy 121600 kJ/mol
19. Ionization Energy 130700 kJ/mol
20. Ionization Energy 143400 kJ/mol
21. Ionization Energy 151440 kJ/mol
22. Ionization Energy 661050 kJ/mol
23. Ionization Energy 699144 kJ/mol
비열 용량 0.489 J g−1 K−1
열전도율 30.7 W·m−1·K−1

전자 & 산화 작용

산화 상태 +5,2,3,4
전자 껍질 2 8 11 2
전자 배치 [Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
오비탈 그림
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
 
 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

방사성 아니오

미디어

바나듐 (V) 행성 보어 모형
Description
Soft, ductile, silvery-white metal. Resistant to corrosion by moisture, air and most acids and alkalis at room temperature.
Uses
It is mixed with other metals to make very strong and durable alloys. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is used as a catalyst, dye and color-fixer.
Sources
Found in the minerals patronite (VS4), vanadinite [Pb5(VO4)3Cl], and carnotite [K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O]. Pure metal produced by heating with C and Cl to produce VCl3 which is heated with Mg in Ar atmosphere.
Pronounciation (English)
veh-NAY-di-em

변형

Afrikaans Vanadium
Aragonese Banadio
العربية فناديوم
Armãneashte Vanadiumu
asturianu Vanadiu
azərbaycan dili Vanadium
български Ванадий
বাংলা ভ্যানাডিয়াম
brezhoneg Vanadiom
bosanski Vanadij[um]
Byelorussian Ванадый
Cebuano Vanadyo
čeština Vanad
Chuvash Ванади
Cymraeg Vanadi
dansk Vanadium
Deutsch Vanadium
Ελληνικά Βαναdιο
English Vanadium
esperanto Vanadio
español Vanadio
eesti Vanaadium
euskara Banadioa
فارسی وانادیم
suomi Vanadiini
føroyskt Vanadium
français Vanadium
furlan Vanadi
West-Frysk Vanadium
Gaeilge Vanaidiam
Gàidhlig Vanaidiam
galego Vanadio
ગુજરાતી વૅનેડિયમનો
Gaelg Vanaadjum
Hakka Chinese Fàm (釩)
עברית ונדיום
हिन्दी वनेडियम
hrvatski Vanadij
magyar Vanádium
հայերեն Վանադիում
Indonesia Vanadium
íslenska Vanadín
italiano Vanadio
日本語 バナジウム
ქართული ვანდიუმი
کٲشُر Wônôd
қазақ тілі Ванадий
한국어 바나듐
Kurdish Vanadyûm
Komi Ванадий
kernewek Vanadyum
кыргызча Ванадий
Latin Vanadium
Lëtzebuergesch Vanadium
Lombard Vanàdi
lingála Vanadu
lietuvių Vanadis
latviešu Vanādijs
Mari Ванадий
Maori Vanadium
македонски Ванадиум
മലയാളം വനേഡിയം
монгол Ванади
Мокшан Ванади
Bahasa Melayu Vanadium
Malti Vanadju[m]
Nahuatl Vanadio
Nederlands Vanadium
norsk Vanadium
Occitan Vanadi
ирон Ванадий
polski Wanad
português Vanádio
Runasimi Wanadyu
română Vanadiu
русский Ванадий
slovenčina Vanád
slovenščina Vanadij
Samoan Vanadimi
Samogitian Vanadis
shqip Vanad, ²Vanadiumi
српски Ванадијум
Southern Sotho Vanadiamo
svenska Vanadin
Kiswahili Vanadi
தமிழ் வனேடியம்
Tajik Ванадий
ไทย วาเนเดียม
Türkçe Vanadyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ۋانادىي
українська Ванадій
o‘zbek Vanadiy
Tiếng Việt Vanađi
Võro Vanaadium
中文

이력

에 발견되었습니다
1801
에 의해 발견되었습니다
Andres Manuel del Rio and Nils Sefström
에서 발견되었습니다
Mexico and Sweden
어원
Named after "Vanadis", the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology